Topic Factors
History The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines migrated about 40,000 years ago from Southeast Asia.
This smallest continent of the world was discovered by Dutch explorer in 1606. Portuguese and Spanish nations were then sighted Australia in 17th century. Captain James Cook could claim Australia as a British Colony in 1770. The parliament was established in 1901 as a federation of six states and two territories.
Capital City Canberra
Area 7,692,024 km2 (6th)
2,969,907 sq mil
Location Australia is located in south of the equator as an Island Continent is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the west and Pacific Ocean in the east. Climate range is from cool temperate to tropical climates from 10° south to 43° south latitude and from 112° east to 153° east longitude. Countries of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, and west of New Zealand are nearby Australia.
Climate Ranges from tropical to temperate.
Most of areas are arid land or desert.
North is Tropical
Seasons Summer December – February: Summer Solstice – 21 December
Autumn (Fall) March – May: Autumn Equinox -21 March
Winter June – August: Winter Solstice – 21 June
Spring September – November: Spring Equinox – 21 September
Geography Terrain is mostly low plateau with deserts
Sea Territories Pacific, Southern and Indian Oceans
Timor, Tasman and Coral Seas.
Population 24,146,500
Capital City Canberra
Ethnical background Unity of over 140 Nationals.
Predominantly European descent.
Language English
Governments Democratic Federal system
Contributing six states and two territories
States – New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia,
Victoria, Western Australia and Tasmania.
Territories – Northern Territory & Australian Capital Territory.
Currency Australian Dollars
Time Difference Australia has three time zones.
Western: GMT +8 hrs
Central:GMT +9.5 hrs
Eastern:GMT +10hrs
Communication Country code 61
NSW & ACT: 02; VIC & TAS: 03; SA, WA & NT: 08; QLD: 07
International Memberships Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

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