Topic Factors
History The first inhabitants of New Zealand were Māori from south pacific Islands. The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman and his crew sighted in 1642. After captain James Cook’s voyage New Zealand was ruled as a British colony. The first New Zealand parliament met in 1854 establishing the parliamentary system of democracy.
Capital City Wellington
Area 268,000 square Kilometers
Location New Zealand is situated in continent of Oceania
Climate Ranges from tropical to temperate.
Most of areas are arid land or desert.
North is Tropical
Seasons Spring – September – November
Summer – December – February
Autumn – March – May
Winter – June – August
Geography Two main landmasses, North Island and South Island & small sub Islands
Sea Territories Pacific Ocean

Population 4,705,770
Largest City Auckland
Ethnical background Unity of European, Maori and Asian
Language English & Maori
Currency New Zealand Dollars
Time Difference Wellington GMT+ 12
Chatham Island GMT + 12.45
Communication Country code +64
NSW & ACT: 02; VIC & TAS: 03; SA, WA & NT: 08; QLD: 07
International Memberships Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Member of United Nations & Commonwealth of Nations
Pacific Island Forum

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